Ingredients for Afang Soup

Afang soup, a delectable traditional dish originating from the Efik and Ibibio people of Nigeria, is known for its unique blend of flavors and nutritional value.

This rich and hearty soup is made with several ingredients, carefully combined to create a culinary masterpiece.

In this post, we’ll dive into the essential ingredients that make up afang soup and explore the art of preparing this savory delicacy.

Afang Soup

Here is a quick list of the main ingredients for Afang Soup:

  • Afang Leaves (Okazi Leaves)
  • Waterleaf
  • Protein sources (e.g., meat, fish, seafood)
  • Palm Fruit Extract (Banga)
  • Periwinkle (optional)
  • Seasonings and Spices (onions, garlic, crayfish, ground pepper)
  • Stock or Broth
  • Cooking Oil (palm oil or vegetable oil)
  • Salt and other seasonings to taste

Exploring the Afang Soup Ingredients

Afang Leaves

The star ingredient of afang soup is the afang leaves, also known as okazi leaves. These dark, glossy leaves contribute a distinct earthy flavor and a slightly bitter taste to the soup.

They are typically shredded or finely chopped before being added to the dish.


Waterleaf is another important leafy green used in afang soup. Its tender and succulent leaves provide a contrasting texture to the afang leaves. Waterleaf adds a mild and slightly tangy flavor that complements the other ingredients.

Protein Sources

Traditionally, afang soup includes various protein sources to enhance its nutritional value. Common options include chunks of meat like goat, beef, or fish.

Some variations of the soup also incorporate seafood, such as crayfish, prawns, or periwinkles, for an added depth of flavor.

Palm Fruit Extract (Banga)

Palm fruit extract, commonly known as banga, serves as the soup’s base and imparts a rich, oily texture. It contributes a distinctive red color and a nutty flavor to the soup.

Preparing banga involves boiling palm fruits, extracting the juice, and allowing it to condense into a thick sauce.

Periwinkle (optional)

Periwinkles are small, edible sea snails that are sometimes added to afang soup. They provide a unique seafood flavor and a delightful chewy texture, making the dish even more appealing to seafood enthusiasts.

Seasonings and Spices

Afang soup is seasoned with an array of spices to enhance its taste. Common seasonings include onions, garlic, crayfish, and ground pepper. These ingredients work together to create a harmonious balance of flavors, combining spiciness, umami, and a hint of sweetness.

Stock or Broth

To elevate the taste of the soup, a flavorful stock or broth is often used as a base. This can be obtained by boiling meat or fish with aromatics like onion, garlic, and herbs.

Cooking Oil

Cooking oil, such as palm oil or vegetable oil, is used to sauté the onions and other spices before adding the other ingredients. Palm oil is especially preferred for its distinct color and unique flavor contribution.

What to Eat with Afang Soup?

Afang soup is typically enjoyed with several starchy accompaniments that help balance its rich flavors and create a satisfying meal.

Here are some traditional options to consider eating afang soup with:

  • Fufu: Fufu is a staple in West African cuisine and comes in various forms, such as cassava fufu, plantain fufu, or yam fufu. It has a smooth, dough-like consistency and is perfect for scooping up the flavorful afang soup.
  • Pounded Yam: Pounded yam is a popular side dish made by pounding boiled yam until it becomes smooth and stretchy. Its neutral taste pairs well with the bold flavors of afang soup.
  • Eba (Garri): Eba, also known as garri, is made from grated and fermented cassava. It is often served as a dough-like ball that can be dipped into the soup, providing a satisfying contrast in texture.
  • Semolina: Semolina is a fine wheat flour that can be used to prepare a smooth and creamy porridge. Its mild taste complements the flavors of afang soup without overpowering them.
  • Rice: Though not as traditional, many people enjoy pairing afang soup with plain white rice. The rice acts as a neutral base that allows you to savor the distinct flavors of the soup.
  • Pounded Plantains: Pounded plantains, known as “iyan oyinbo” or “mashed plantains,” are ripe plantains that are boiled and pounded into a smooth consistency. This sweet and starchy side dish contrasts nicely with the savory notes of the soup.
  • Amala: Amala is made from yam flour and has a unique taste and texture. It can be formed into a smooth, stretchy ball that’s great for soaking up the soup.
  • Cassava Flour (Egusi Agidi): This starchy side dish, made from cassava flour, is similar to a pudding or jelly-like consistency. It can be cut into pieces and dipped into the soup.

Ultimately, the choice of accompaniment depends on your preference and availability. The goal is to choose a starchy side that complements the flavors of afang soup and provides a satisfying and balanced dining experience.

Related: How to Coook Afang Soup—Calabar Style

Wrapping Up

Afang soup is a culinary masterpiece that reflects the rich traditions and flavors of the Efik and Ibibio people.

The careful combination of afang leaves, waterleaf, protein sources, palm fruit extract, periwinkles, seasonings, and stock results in a dish that delights the senses and nourishes the body.

Whether you’re an adventurous food lover or simply curious about exploring diverse cuisines, afang soup is a must-try that promises a taste of Nigerian culture and gastronomy.